Tuesday, May 26, 2009

On editing

I started this post two days ago and have been dithering about putting it up ever since, but I've counted no fewer than five articles and posts online today on the subject so I might as well toss in my two cents -- Ed.

The new editor of The Monthly started work yesterday. 23-year-old Ben Naparstek, who first offered publisher Morry Schwartz his services as editor when he was eighteen, doesn't seem from my idly curious and fairly desultory Googling to be the kind of chap who thinks he needs any luck, nor indeed the kind who will be too bruised to cope with whatever eventuates, but I wish it to him anyway. If Duke University Press is publishing a book called The Jacqueline Rose Reader co-edited by Naparstek and Justin Clemens, then there is no question but that he is every bit as brilliant as people are saying.

Still, for the peculiar job of magazine editor, at least of this or any national and/or culturally-based mag, not even brilliance will always get you over the line. Schwartz's remark that he himself was 23 when he started his own business was touching but not entirely to the point. Different skills are required. As an editor -- at least of a magazine like this -- you need to have very broadly based general knowledge in order to save your contributors from making ridiculous or expensive mistakes (including an eye for what might be against the law), and you need to be able to communicate tactfully but effectively both with your editorial board and with your contributors, many of whom (in both groups) are delicate flowers.

And both of these things can be acquired only by glacially slow accretions, through experience of the kinds it's very difficult to just target and then go out and get. When, for example, a past-it politician and author of a dull, dud book asks you on television whether you will publish an essay by him, your mad debating skillz and general chutzpah should easily get you through that quagmire of a moment, but the only thing that will get you unscathed through its aftermath, whatever that might prove to be, is life experience.

A number of commentators appear to think that it is somehow the Monthly editor's job to 'stand up to' editorial board chair and heavy-on contributor Robert Manne and publisher Morry Schwartz, something to do with a vague notion of editorial independence. I don't think people have thought this through, quite. Unless her or his magazine is a declared organ of either, an editor needs to be independent of (a) corrupt financial interests and of (b) the state, both for obvious reasons. But in the case of The Monthly, as Morry Schwartz has recently had cause to point out, it's his mag and the editor is his employee. If people don't like a magazine, they are entirely free not to read it. Critique the content qua content by all means, but criticising an editor for lack of 'independence' on a project like this doesn't really make much sense, and indicates a lack of understanding about what an editorial board is for.

That said, it's clear from recent events at The Monthly that the new editor is going to have to fight very hard for things that he wants but that Schwartz and/or Manne are less enthused about. He's also going to have to make allowance for commissions that have been put in place without his knowledge -- and nothing screws up the pre-planning of an issue quite like a long, topical piece by a big name that you didn't know was in the pipeline. In general he's going to have to keep one eye in the mirror, through the doorway and over his shoulder while focusing the other on the four issues that must be thought about simultaneously (the one about to go to press, the one you're in the process of marking up, the one you've mostly commissioned, and the one whose contents are in the planning stages) when running a monthly magazine.

The other place I think the new editor might run into some trouble -- as most editors do anyway, but extreme youth can only exacerbate it -- is with contributors and their contributions. Most writers are fairly highly literate, strangely enough, with decades' worth of experience in working, as professional readers and writers, with language and ideas. And most writers' attitude to being edited approximates something the late great Angela Carter once said about it: 'As if one would not have written it that way in the first place, if that was what one had wanted to say.'

So my very first thought -- as so often -- on hearing of Naparstek's appointment was of a passage in my perhaps all-time favourite ever book. I found it immediately to quote here because it's flagged with a yellow sticky and identified by pencil marks. The pencil marks date from 1968, when I was fifteen, so anyone thinking I'm being anti-yoof here can think again. To me, at fifteen, this passage was both a warning and a reassurance. The intervening decades have borne out its truth and wisdom.

There is a thing called knowledge of the world, which people do not have until they are middle-aged. It is something which cannot be taught to younger people, because it is not logical and does not obey laws which are constant. It has no rules. Only, in the long years which bring women to the middle of life, a sense of balance develops. You can't teach a baby to walk by explaining the matter to her logically -- she has to learn the strange poise of walking by experience. In some way like that, you cannot teach a young woman to have knowledge of the world. She has to be left to the experience of the years. ... And then ... she can go on living -- not by principle, not by deduction, not by knowledge of good and evil, but simply by a peculiar and shifting sense of balance which defies each of these things often. She ... continues henceforth under the guise of a seventh sense. Balance was the sixth sense ... and now she has the seventh one -- knowledge of the world.

The slow discovery of the seventh sense, by which men and women contrive to ride the waves of a world in which there is war, adultery, compromise, fear, stultification and hypocrisy -- this discovery is not a matter for triumph. The baby, perhaps, cries out triumphantly: I have balance! But the seventh sense is recognised without a cry. We only carry on ... riding the queer waves in a habitual, petrifying way, because we have reached a stage of deadlock in which we can think of nothing else to do. ...

Guenever was twenty-two as she sat at her petit point and thought of Lancelot. She was not half-way to her coffin, not ill even, and she only had six senses. It is difficult to imagine her.

Yes. Yes it is. I'm sure we all wish we could be 23 again, except somehow magically armed with the knowledge of the world that we have so slowly and painfully acquired since. Being 23 has all the myriad advantages of being bright of eye, bushy of tail, and young enough still to believe that the world is one's oyster, and contains a pearl.


Deborah said...

What an excellent post, Pav. I spent quite some time in a tute a couple of weeks ago trying to convince a brash young man that ethical judgement improves with practice, and age, but he was sure that he knew as much about making ethical judgements at age 19 or 20 or so, as I know, and one or two other people in the class know, as people in our forties. And I'm fairly sure that my mother knows quite a bit more again.

When my Dad turned 60, his older brother called him and said, "Welcome to the wisdom years."

Capcha: "arity" Which sounds very like the Greek word, "arete," variously translated as "excellence" or "virtue."

Ampersand Duck said...

Most excellent post. Time to reread this too. Gosh, my list is increasing by the hour!

Fyodor said...

Bro, you really sucked me in there. You're all topical news, editing craft, worldly experience, yadda yadda and then you slam me to the mat with nostalgasm. Bien touché.

Mindy said...

Am I there yet? Am I there yet? Actually, I don't think I do want to be 23 again. I'm rather liking being me now. Ask me again in 20 years, please.

Anonymous said...

At 23 I was grappling with the early stages of doctoral research, and feeling just a little bit out of my depth. Reading a little about him around the place, I do wonder whether Ben Naparstek has ever felt that way! (And I don't offer that as any kind of judgement.) He seems a precocious fellow, and whether, as Laura hints, this ends in farce, I reckon Bob and Morry have at least tried to answer the perception that the Monthly had grown stale before its time. I'll certainly take a look at his first issue.

lucy tartan said...

Well, I'm feeling a slight twinge of cynic's remorse this morning, but it was worth it to read that quotation from TOAFK. My grandfather gave me that book when I was ten.

Pavlov's Cat said...

Laura, check your email in a little while.

Is TOAFK not a little miracle? We studied The Sword in the Stone in Year 8/first-year high and my English teacher recommended I read the whole thing. Once in a column I was writing for a local Adders paper I quoted the paragraph that begins 'The best thing for being sad', said Merlin ... 'is to learn something...' and an old university acquaintance cut it out and stuck it up on the fridge where his kids would see it every day.

Anon, yep, I too was a PhD candidate at 23 and a divorcee to boot (and punch, and bite ... oh never mind) and I felt world-weary and ancient. Nine years later when I was ambushed into becoming a magazine editor, I felt appallingly young. These things are very strange.

elsewhere said...

I was hoping you'd comment about this...my first thought was that theoretical knowledge doesn't compensate for knowledge of the world, i.e. wisdom. But you've put it a lot more elegantly than me.

I prophesy that the monthly is going to become too incestuous and obscure and fizzle further. Most of the people I know who were reading it originally have given (and where is a periodical without a subs base in Alice Springs, I ask?)

cristy said...

I'd just finished my undergrad Arts/Law degree and was facing the prospect of finding a 'real job' for the first time. I felt very young and inexperieced. Seen years later I'm still at uni and still feel pretty young... But that's just me.

I must say that when I first saw this mentioned I thought it was a 23 year-old woman and was very surprised. Once I realized it was a guy, I didn't feel so shocked anymore. (And not because I think a guy would be more capable)

cristy said...


Not seen.

M-H said...

Great post. Thanks. I read somewhere recently that a 60-year old might remember something about being 20, but a 20-year-old can only imagine what it might be like to be 60.

genevieve said...

Two cents? As always, more like two thousand dollars. Thank you.
I should reread TOAFK, I think I was too young for it the first time around :-)

nico said...

I agree with your arguments about 'glacially' acquired experience. Why not publish his writing and encourage him run a smaller publication to learn the ropes if he so wants to be an editor. It all seems like a publicity stunt.

It may be terribly self-involved to admit it, but I realised that some forms - and bodies - of knowledge ban only come with time - after competing on a television quiz show. Beaten by a man of more advanced years by simple years on earth.

helen said...

It doesn't matter what anyone says about relative age and experience, it will be dismissed as "LOL your Jelus!1!"

Now they've raised the retirement age to 67 but at 52, if I got fired tomorrow, who would hire me? Seems the cult of youth gets worse with the "ageing of the population ™".